Cucumber Kimchi

Crisp and Flavorful: A Homemade Cucumber Kimchi Recipe

Kimchi, the beloved Korean side dish, is a flavorful and spicy fermented delight that has found its way into the hearts and palates of food enthusiasts worldwide. While traditional Napa cabbage kimchi is the most well-known variety, there’s a whole world of kimchi waiting to be explored. One such variation is cucumber kimchi – a refreshing, tangy, and slightly spicy dish that’s perfect for hot summer days or as a zesty accompaniment to any meal. In this article, we’ll walk you through a simple and delicious homemade cucumber kimchi recipe that you can easily prepare in your own kitchen.


For this cucumber kimchi recipe, you’ll need the following ingredients:

For the Cucumber Prep:

  • 4-5 small to medium-sized cucumbers (pickling or Persian cucumbers work well)
  • 1/4 cup sea salt
  • Cold water for soaking

For the Kimchi Paste:

  • 3 cloves of garlic, minced
  • 1 thumb-sized piece of ginger, grated
  • 2-3 green onions, chopped
  • 1/4 cup fish sauce (or soy sauce for a vegan alternative)
  • 2 tablespoons sugar
  • 1-2 tablespoons Korean red pepper flakes (gochugaru) – adjust according to your heat preference
  • 1 teaspoon sesame seeds
  • 1 teaspoon sesame oil


  1. Prepare the Cucumbers:
    • Wash the cucumbers thoroughly and trim both ends.
    • Cut the cucumbers into bite-sized pieces, about 2-3 inches long.
    • Dissolve the sea salt in a large bowl of cold water.
    • Submerge the cucumber pieces in the saltwater, ensuring they are fully covered.
    • Allow the cucumbers to soak in the saltwater for 1-2 hours. This step helps to draw out excess moisture and ensures the kimchi remains crisp.
  2. Make the Kimchi Paste:
    • In a separate bowl, combine the minced garlic, grated ginger, chopped green onions, fish sauce (or soy sauce), sugar, Korean red pepper flakes (adjust the quantity to your desired spice level), sesame seeds, and sesame oil. Mix everything together until it forms a paste.
  3. Rinse and Drain the Cucumbers:
    • After the soaking period, rinse the cucumber pieces thoroughly under cold running water to remove excess salt.
    • Drain the cucumbers well and gently squeeze out any excess water.
  4. Combine Cucumbers and Kimchi Paste:
    • Place the drained cucumber pieces in a clean, dry bowl.
    • Add the kimchi paste to the cucumbers and mix thoroughly, ensuring that each cucumber piece is coated with the flavorful paste.
  5. Ferment the Cucumber Kimchi:
    • Transfer the cucumber kimchi into a clean, airtight container or glass jar.
    • Leave some space at the top, as kimchi tends to expand during fermentation.
    • Seal the container or jar and let it sit at room temperature for about 24 hours, allowing the flavors to develop.
  6. Chill and Serve:
    • After 24 hours, refrigerate the cucumber kimchi. This will slow down the fermentation process and keep it fresh for an extended period.
    • Cucumber kimchi is best served chilled. Enjoy it as a side dish or a condiment to complement various dishes, such as rice, noodles, or grilled meats.


Homemade cucumber kimchi is a delightful and crunchy variation of the classic Korean side dish. With its refreshing taste and a hint of spiciness, it’s a perfect addition to your culinary repertoire. This recipe offers a straightforward method to create your own batch of cucumber kimchi at home. Experiment with the spice level and other ingredients to suit your taste buds, and you’ll have a delicious condiment ready to elevate your meals with a burst of vibrant flavors. So, don your apron and embark on a culinary journey to explore the world of kimchi with this homemade cucumber kimchi recipe!

1. What type of cucumbers should I use for cucumber kimchi?

For cucumber kimchi, it’s best to use small to medium-sized cucumbers. Pickling cucumbers or Persian cucumbers are ideal choices due to their crisp texture and thin skin, which makes them perfect for fermenting.

2. Can I substitute fish sauce with something else for a vegetarian or vegan version of cucumber kimchi?

Yes, if you’re looking for a vegetarian or vegan alternative, you can replace fish sauce with soy sauce or tamari. You can also experiment with other umami-rich ingredients like miso paste or seaweed-based seasonings.

3. How spicy is cucumber kimchi?

The level of spiciness in cucumber kimchi depends on the amount of Korean red pepper flakes (gochugaru) you use. Adjust the quantity to suit your personal preference. Start with a smaller amount if you prefer it less spicy and add more if you like it hotter.

4. How long should I ferment cucumber kimchi?

Cucumber kimchi typically ferments at room temperature for about 24 hours. However, you can adjust the fermentation time to your liking. The longer you let it ferment, the tangier and more intense the flavors will become.

5. Do I need to sterilize the container or jar before storing the kimchi?

It’s a good practice to clean and sanitize the container or jar you plan to use for storing the kimchi, as this helps create a favorable environment for fermentation. You can do this by washing the container in hot, soapy water and rinsing it thoroughly or by using a dishwasher.

6. How long can I store cucumber kimchi?

Properly stored cucumber kimchi can last for several weeks to a few months in the refrigerator. It will continue to ferment and develop in flavor during this time. However, the texture may become softer over time.

7. Can I use cucumber kimchi in cooking, or is it only a side dish?

Cucumber kimchi can be used in various ways. While it’s delicious as a side dish or condiment, you can also incorporate it into salads, sandwiches, wraps, or even stir-fried dishes to add a burst of flavor and crunch.